Article | Category: Glossary Terms

The blending of aerobics and high-energy workout with weight-resistance equipment such as that produced by Nautilus, Klesser, or Universal. On a circuit, you put yourself through a series of training stations, stopping only briefly before each exercise to keep your heart rate within an acceptable range throughout the circuit.




Other Names:

Circuit Weight Training


Description of Offering

Circuit Training is a workout that entails many repetitions with light resistance performed with very short rest intervals. Circuit Training improves muscular definition while improving one's cardiovascular health as well.


This offering is a modern creation (originated after 1800).


Creator of Offering (Nationality)

R.E. Morgan and G.T. Anderson (English)


Brief History of the Offering

Developed in 1953, by R.E. Morgan and G.T. Anderson at the University of Leeds in England.


Fun Fact

Circuit Training was developed to be an all inclusive workout, highlighting both muscular and cardiovascular endurance.




Primary Benefit Received

Enhance Muscle Tone


Other Benefits

Increase Strength, Increase Flexibility, Body Maintenance, Increase Circulation in Body, Stress Reduction, Increase Metabolism, Cardiovascular Health.


Research Publication

Effects of a 7-Week Outdoor Circuit Training Program on Swiss Army Recruits

Maire-Claire Hofstetter

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2012), 3418-3425


Primary Findings of Research

An additional outdoor circuit training program to Swiss Army Recruits' training led to greater improvements in total fitness scores without any increases in injury rates.




Typical Length of Offering

45 - 60 minutes


The offering is most often provided one guest at a time.


Offering is primarily suited for:

Day Spa (wellness focus), Resort/Hotel/Cruise Ship Spa, Destination Spa, Club Spa (day or residential), Fitness/Wellness Center/Gym.


How many treatment providers are needed to produce the offering?



Common License/Certification or Training necessary to provide the offering:

Physical Therapist, Fitness Instructor, Personal Trainer.


Information about the most often used offering protocol

New Insights into Circuit Training

Len Kravitz, PhD

Idea Fitness Journal (2005)


Comments about Offering Protocol

Typically in a circuit workout, there are 9-12 exercises which the participant moves through with little (15-30 seconds) rest or no rest at all. The participant will perform each exercise for around 15-45 seconds total for 8-20 repetitions. Resistance in circuit training is about 40-60% typically. The workout could be performed with exercise machines, free weights, resistance bands, calisthenics, or any combination of the following.


Type of space/facility most often used for the offering:

Exercise Equipment Studio


Type of space/facility that can be use for the offering:

Group Fitness Studio


How many towels are used?



Does the guest generally use a robe and/or a wrap for the offering?



How many sheets are used?



Does the offering require the use of products (i.e. lotions, lacquers, scrubs, cleansers, etc.)?



Does the offering require the use of disposable supplies (i.e. cotton squares, balls and swabs, lancets, etc.)?



Equipment and supplies needed to provide the offering:

Floor Mat, Exercise Machines, Free Weights


Beyond labor, linens, disposable supplies and products, please list any other direct costs associated with the offering?



Including only the following items (products, disposable items, linen laundry, and other direct costs---not labor), what is the typical cost of the offering?



Typical single session price of the offering.

$15 - $100 USD


Comments about offering price.

Circuit Training is typically delivered by a Personal Trainer. Price depends on spa location and experience of personal trainer.




Publication used to prepare this submission.

New Insights into Circuit Training

Len Kravitz, PhD. (2005)


Trade Magazine

Circuit Training

Fabio Comana, M.A., M.S.


Circuit Training (1966)

R.P. Sorani


Personal Interview with Industry Professional

Dana McFarlane, NSCA (2017)


Author Information

Doug Spencer

Florida Gulf Coast University


Author Biography

Doug Spencer is currently a senior in the Professional Golf Management Program at Florida Gulf Coast University. Doug aspires to become a full-time golf instructor post graduation, with a specialization in golf fitness.


Editor Information:

Mary Wisnom

Professor, School of Resort & Hospitality Management, Florida Gulf Coast University, USA