Article | Category: Glossary Terms


Other Name(s): 
Aquatic exercise, aquacise, hydrotherapy, aquatic rehabilitation, aquatic therapy

Definition of Offering:
Aerobics workouts performed in a swimming pool. Water resistance is utilized to stretch, strengthen and increase stamina. This activity is also commonly known as aquacize.

Description of Offering:
Aerobics workouts performed in a swimming pool. Water resistance is utilized to stretch, strengthen and increase stamina. This activity is also commonly known as Aquacise.

The offeringis a modern creation (originated after 1800).

Believed Origin(s):
Ancient Cilvilizations - Egyptian, Hebrew, Greek, Asian, Indian, Roman

Offering History:
Water was used for religious and healing purposes as early as 2400 BC. Overtime benefits of water as a curative treatment were recognized, and some of the first school of medicine arose near the baths and springs in Greece. Where the Greeks considered bathing an added function to the gymnasium, the Romans considered bathing a central social function to accompany activities that might include exercise in a gym.    The first organized form of water aerobics was practiced by television fitness professional Jack LaLane during the 1950s. Viewed in thousands of households, LaLane's daily television shows promoted a healthy diet and the benefits of aerobic exercise. As interest in health and fitness rose in the 1970s and 1980s, aquatic aerobics began gaining in popularity. 

Fun Fact:
The rise of Christianity and its banning of public baths led to a decline in the Roman bathing system. 



Primary Benefit Received from the Offering:
Increase strength

Other Benefits Received from the Offering:
Rnhance muscle tone, stimulate mind, increase flexibility, socialize, enrich relationships, body maintenance, increase circulation, reduce stress, reduce pain. 

Research Findings on Benefits:
Hulls, D. S. V., Walker, L. S., & Powell, J. M. (2009). Clinicians' Perceptions of the Benefits of Aqua Therapy for Young Children with Autism. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 26(1-2), 13-22.     

This purpose of this study was to identify clinicians' perceptions of the benefits of aquatic therapy for young children with autism.

A majority of clinicians reported a substantial increase in swim skills, attention, muscle strength, balance, tolerating touch, initiating/maintaining eye contact, and water safety.



Typical Length of Offering:
45-60 minutes

The offering is most often provided... 
To small groups (3-10). 

Offering Primarily Suited for the Following Type of Spa(s):
Medical Clinic/Spa, Hospital/Rehabilitation, Club Spa (day or residential)

Number of Treatment Providers Needed to Produce the Offering:

License/Certification/Training Needed to Provide the Offering:
Physical therapist, fitness instructor.

Most Common Protocol Available:
Basic Aquatic Therapy Protocols, Luis G. Vargas, Aquatic Therapy, 2004.

Protocol Comments:
Stretching, shallow and deep water dynamic activites

Type of Space and/or Facility Most Often Used:
Public Hydrotherapy (Wet) Area (Jacuzzi, Hot or Cold Plunge Pools, Steam, etc.)

Other Spaces and/or Facilities That Can Be Used:
Private Wet Treatment Room (Vichy, Baths, Watsu Pool, etc.), 

How many towels are used (any size)?

Does the guest generally use a robe and/or a wrap for the offering?

How many sheets are used?

How many different products (i.e. lotions, lacquers, scrubs, cleansers, etc.) are used in this offering?

Equipment and Supplies Commonly Used to Provide the Offering Include:
Weights, floats.

Comments about offering costs:
The offering itself depends on the individual and length of session.

Typical single session price of the offering.
$20 - $300 USD

Comments about offering price:
The price depends on the individual and the session type specifics.  Sessions of Private Aquatic Therapy, as opposed to group Aqua Aerobics, will be most costly.



Publication(s) used to prepare this submission:
Book: "Basic Aquatic Therapy Protocols",  Aquatic Therapy Interventions and Applications, Luis G. Vargas, 2004 (Pg. 41)

Book: "Historical Perspective", Comprehensive Aquatic Therapy,  Andrew J. Cole and Bruce E. Becker, 2004 

Book: "Introduction and Historical Overview", Aquatic Exercise for Rehabilitation and Training, Lori T. Brody and Paul R. Geigle, 2009.

Author Information:
Rachel Neuneker
Intern, The Ritz-Carlton, Naples

Rachel Neuneker is a Florida Gulf Coast University student also working part time in Food and Beverage at The Ritz-Carlton Naples.

Editor Information:
Mary Wisnom
Professor, School of Resort & Hospitality Management, Florida Gulf Coast University, USA